The smallest living matter that is part of a living being is the cell, a component that, by itself, is capable of performing all the basic functions of a living being: breathing, producing energy, growing, reproducing, and so on. Thus, it is the basic unit of the structure of any living being although, at first glance, they cannot be seen since they are of a very small size only visible by the use of a microscope. There are two types of cells, plant and animal, that contain a nucleus and that both share both similarities and differences. In a how we are going to focus on what is the difference between animal and vegetable cells knowing, first, the characteristics of each one and comparing them, later, so that we can observe how they differ.
What is an animal cell?
We begin by talking about the animal cell to understand what it is and what it contains inside it. First we have to take into account that all animals (and people also, let’s not forget, we are animals) are created by multicellular organisms that have a main cell, the eukaryotic.
But, in addition to this, we contain millions of different cells that make up the organism, such as neurons, sperm cells, ovules and a large number of other internal mechanisms are animal cells. They have a smaller diameter than vegetables and do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts.
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What is a plant cell?
Now we will focus on defining what a plant cell to is, thus, be able to understand the difference that there is regarding the animal. This type of cell is the one that is within the kingdom of plants, it is a eukaryotic cell that, like the animal, has its own nucleus, a cytoplasm and a membrane.
What happens is that this type of plant cell has parts that are unique and have to do with the process of photosynthesis, something that only plants have the ability to perform. This process is vital for nature because, thanks to it, plants shed the oxygen that is in our environment and that allows us, humans, to breathe.
The main differences between the animal and plant cell
Now that we know what each of these cells are, let’s go into the subject and answer your question about what is the difference between animal and plant cells. Attentive!
- Animal cells do NOT have a cell wall, an element that gives more rigidity to animals that do have this component. You can check this difference quickly: when a plant dies, it remains rigid until after some time it loses its rigiditythe reason for this is that it has these walls that give it a more rigid material.
- Another of the basic differences between the animal and vegetable cells is that they contain chloroplasts, an element that allows them to synthesize sugars thanks to carbon dioxide, water and sunlight. This process is known as photosynthesis and is something that is exclusive to the plant kingdom.
- The plant cell has only one vacuole filled with liquid and, this, occupies most of its interior; however, the animal cell has different vacuoles of a smaller size that are distributed in its interior.
- Another difference between the animal and vegetable cells is that the latter can reproduce individually, thus following an asexual reproduction; instead, animals need sexual reproduction in order to create new living beings.
- In the plant cell, the pastids are of vital importance, without them they could not survive; in animals, on the other hand, this cellular component does not even exist.
- The way in which an animal cell has to receive nutrients is heterotrophic while the plant cells are autotrophic.
- The shape of a plant cell is similar to a prism, while those of animals can have multiple shapes and very different from each other: they can be flat, oval, star-shaped, and so on.
These are the main differences between a plant cell and an animal cell.
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Article Source:Tape Daily